Boston, Massachusetts & London, England: Edes and Gill, AND J. Almon, opposite Burlington-House in Piccadilly (London Edition), 1769. Reprint. Removed. Octavo, 8" x 5." Removed from a bound volume pp. 165. Mottled calf. Front board (ONLY) present with bookplate of the "Earl of Mansfield, K.J." and coat of arms. Manuscript listing contents to first blank page. Small closed tears on first page. Rubber stamp "Brown University" on title-page. Faint black smudge on bottom edge, pp. 27. Minimal to no foxing throughout. Mispaginated: 123 and 124 are repeated. Clean, lightly tanned pages with sharply printed text. Excellent copy. (ESTC T4122) (Adams, 69-4b). (Sabin 4924) (Howes, B382)
This first English edition was a reprint of the American edition, printed in Boston by Edes and Gill, Printers to the Honourable House of Representatives, 1769.
Howes includes 8 pages of advertisements in his collation, but Sabin, Adams, and the ESTC do not. Advertisements are not present in this edition. Very good. Item #80365
The letters written by the governor of Massachusetts, Francis Bernard (1712-1779) and printed by a patriotic press exposed his condemnation of the colonies. During his tenure as Governor of Massachusetts from 1760 to 1769, Bernard frequently clashed with the provincial assembly and in his letters to the Earl of Hillsborough, the Secretary of State for the Colonies, requested an expansion of the governor's powers. While governor, violent protests and riots had broken out against unpopular taxes, including the Sugar Act (1763), the Stamp Act (1765), and the Townshend Acts (1767/8). In his letters, he implied that rebellion was imminent and that British troops were needed to quell the unrest in Boston. The letters were never intended to be printed, but suspicious of his leanings, the Massachusetts Assembly requested to see the letters. After Bernard denied to make his letters public, an agent for the Assembly was able to secure copies in London and send them back to the colonies. These damning epistles, written from January 1768-July 1769, sparked outrage in the colonies and prompted his removal as Governor of Massachusetts. This was but one of the many episodes that escalated tensions in the colonies and fostered notions of American independence. (Wikipedia) (Sabin 4924).
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