Edinburgh, Scotland: William Creech, 1796. Third Edition. Leather-bound. 8vo. Half-leather over marbled boards, and contrasting red leather spine label. Internally clean, moderate foxing to some plates, though not to obscure -- diagrams still very visible and usable. Third Edition in English. Lacks half title. xlvii +592 pages. Two folding tables, and 13 folded plates22 cm. Signature of Thomas Salmon, Canterbury, possibly Thomas Edwards Salmon, Sheriff of Canterbury in 1797. Translation by Robert Kerr of Traité élémentaire de chimie (1789). a classic in the history of science. Good Plus. Item #82214
Remarkable scientific document, unique at the time. 'Hence in this experiment 85.7 grs of water jointed to 28 grs of charcoal have combined in such a way as to form 100 grs of carbonic acid and 13.7 grs of a particular gas capable of being burnt.'
Though a solid member of the aristocratic class, Lavoisier displayed an incessantly curious and innovative mind and genuinely thought about how to help people solve the health problems and overcome the obstacles to daily living...he is most noted for his discovery of the role oxygen plays in combustion. He recognized and named oxygen (1778) and hydrogen (1783),...helped construct the metric system, wrote the first extensive list of elements (naming 23 still in use today), and helped to reform chemical nomenclature, predicted the existence of silicon (1787) and discovered that, although matter may change its form or shape, its mass always remains the same, a discovery which was said to fundamentally run counter to widely accepted assumptions about alchemy.
On May 8th, 1794 in Paris, at the height of the French Revolution, Lavoisier was charged with tax fraud and selling adulterated tobacco, and was tried, convicted, and guillotined. He was 50 years old. (Wikipedia and elsewhere).